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Emotional Schemas

Emotional Schemas Questionnaire (LESS), 2000 + Scoring Instructions

Emotional Schemas Questionnaire II (LESS II), Revised 2012 + Scoring Instructions

Therapist Schemas Questionnaire

Books, Articles, Chapters, Presentations on Emotional Schemas:


  • Moskovchenko et al (2016). Psychodiagnostics of emotional schemas: the results of transcultural adaptation and assessment of psychometric properties of Russian Version of LESS II
  • May 9, 2016: Dr. Leahy on Emotional Schema Therapy and The Evolution and Future of Cognitive Therapy. listen to the interview here
  • Leahy, R. L. (2015). Emotional Schema Therapy. Guilford Press: New York.     
  • Leahy, R. L., Tirch, D., Napolitano, L. A. (2011). Emotion Regulation in Psychotherapy: A Practitioner's Guide. Guilford Press: New York.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2012). Introduction: Emotional schemas, emotion regulation, and psychopathology.International Journal of Cognitive Therapy5(4), 359-361.
  • Leahy, R. L., Tirch, D. D., & Melwani, P. S. (2012). Processes underlying depression: Risk aversion, emotional schemas, and psychological flexibility.International Journal of Cognitive Therapy5(4), 362-379.
  • Tirch, D. D., Leahy, R. L., Silberstein, L. R., & Melwani, P. S. (2012). Emotional schemas, psychological flexibility, and anxiety: The role of flexible response patterns to anxious arousal. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy5(4), 380-391.
  • Silberstein, L., Tirch, D., Leahy, R. L., & McGinn, L. (2012). Mindfulness, psychological flexibility, and emotional schemas. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy5(4), 406-419.
  • Leahy, R.L. (in press) Emotional Schema Therapy. In John Livesley, Giancarlo Dimmagio, and John Clarkin (eds.) Integrated Treatment for Personality Disorders. Guilford: New York.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2011). Emotional Schema Therapy: A Bridge over Troubled Waters. In J. Herbert & E. Forman, Acceptance and Mindfulness in Cognitive Behavior Therapy.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2010). Personal Schemas in the Negotiation Process: A Cognitive Therapy Approach. In M. Galluccio & F. Aquilar (Eds.), Psychological and political strategies for peace negotiation: A cognitive approach. London: Springer.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2010). Emotional Schemas in Treatment Resistant Anxiety. In D. Sookman & R. L. Leahy, Treatment Resistant Anxiety Disorders: Resolving Impasses to Symptom Remission (pp. 135-160). New York: Routledge.
  • Clark, D. A., Hollifield, M., Leahy, R. L., & Beck, J. S. (2009). Theory of cognitive therapy. In G. O. Gabbard (Ed.), Textbook of psychotherapeutic treatments (pp. 165-200). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2009). Resistance: An Emotional Schema Therapy (EST) Approach. In G. Simos, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: A Guide for the Practising Clinician (Vol. 2, pp. 187-204). New York: Routledge.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2007). Emotional Schemas and Self-Help: Homework Compliance and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice14(3), 297-302.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2007). Emotional Schemas and Resistance to Change in Anxiety DisordersCognitive and Behavioral Practice14, 36-45.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2007). Schematic Mismatch in the Therapeutic Relationship: A Social-Cognitive Model. In P. Gilbert & R. L. Leahy, The Therapeutic Relationship in the Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapies (pp. 229-254). New York: Routledge.
  • Leahy, R. L. (2002). A Model of Emotional Schemas. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice9, 177-190.

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