136 East 57th Street, Suite 1101 New York City, New York 10022 Get a map (212) 308-2440 Search

Mindfulness and Acceptance

Some of the most exciting recent developments in cognitive-behavioral therapy are adapted from some very old techniques for cultivating wellness. Drawn from a combination of Eastern meditation and Western psychology, mindfulness and acceptance based cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques are used to help patients learn to tolerate difficult emotions and overcome depressing thoughts. These methods are simple, relatively easy to learn, and are available to almost anyone.

By using relaxation, an awareness of the breath, and a gentle focus of attention, patients involved in mindfulness and acceptance based cognitive-behavioral therapy learn to observe their thoughts, emotions, and bodily sensations in a special and non-judgmental way. In clinical research, these methods have been shown to assist in recovery from depression depressive relapse, anxiety disorders, addictions, and stress related problems.

Clinicians at AICT integrate these techniques into their work in Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy groups. Persons looking to engage in individual mindfulness and acceptance based cognitive therapy can also contact the Institute to learn more.

Resources on Mindfulness

Helpful Links  |  Sample Chapters  |  Books 

Articles/Chapters  |  Media  |  Audio/Video

Helpful Links:

Sample Chapters from Guilford:

This excerpt is posted with permission of Guilford Publications, Inc. and is subject to copyright law and restricted from further use. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without prior written permission of the publisher. To obtain permission please contact Guilford Publications, Inc. at the address below or e-mail: permissions@guilford.com This book may be ordered directly from Guilford Publishing at http://www.Guilford.com

Books On Mindfulness:
  • Bayda, E. (2008). Zen heart: Simple advice for living with mindfulness and compassion. Boston: Shambhala Publications
  • Bennett-Goleman, T. (2001). Emotional alchemy. New York: Harmony Books.
  • Brach, T. (2003). Radical acceptance: Embracing your life with the heart of a Buddha. New York: Bantam.
  • Brown, B. (1999). Soul without shame: A guide to liberating yourself from the judge within. Boston: Shambala.
  • Chödrön, P. (2005). Start where you are: How to accept yourself and others. London: Element/HarperCollins.
  • Chödrön, P. (2001). Tonglen. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Vajradhatu Publications.
  • Chödrön, P. (1997). When things fall apart: Heart advice for difficult times. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
  • Dalai Lama & Ekman, P. (2008). Emotional awareness: Overcoming the obstacles to psychological balance and compassion. New York: Henry Holt & Co.
  • Dalai Lama (2001). An open heart: Practicing compassion in everyday life. New York: Little, Brown.
  • Dalai Lama, & Cutler, H. (1998). The art of happiness: A handbook for living. New York: Riverhead Books.
  • Davidson, R., & Harrington, A. (2002). Visions of compassion: Western scientists and Tibetan Buddhists examine human nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Domar, A. & Dreher, H. (2000). Self-nurture: Learning to care for yourself as effectively as you care for everyone else. New York: Penguin Books.
  • Feldman, C. (2005). Compassion: Listening to the cries of the world. Berkeley: Rodmell Press.
  • Germer, C. (2009). The mindful path to self-compassion. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Germer, C., Siegel, R., & Fulton, P. (Eds.) (2005). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Gilbert, P. (2010). The compassionate mind: A new approach to life’s challenges. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.
    Gilbert, P. (Ed.) (2005). Compassion: Conceptualisations, research, and use in psychotherapy. London: Routledge.
  • Glaser, A. (2005). A call to compassion: Bringing Buddhist practices of the heart into the soul of psychology. Berwick, ME: Nicolas-Hays.
  • Goleman, D. (Ed.) (2003). Healing emotions: Conversations with the Dalai Lama on mindfulness, emotions, and health. Boston,: Shambhala Publications.
  • Goleman, D. (2006). Social Intelligence: The New Science of Human Relationships. New York: Bantam Books.
  • Hanh, T. N. (1997). Teachings on love. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press.
  • Hayes, S., Follette, V., & Linehan, M. (Eds.). (2004). Mindfulness and acceptance: Expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Hopkins, J. (2008). A truthful heart: Buddhist practices for connecting with others. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications.
  • Johanson, G. & Kurtz, R. (1991). Grace unfolding: Psychotherapy in the spirit of the Tao-te ching. Bew York: Bell Tower.
  • Kornfield, J. (2008). Wise heart: A guide to the universal teachings of Buddhist psychology. New York: Random House.
  • Kornfield, J. (2002). The art of forgiveness, lovingkindness, and peace. New York: Bantam Books.
  • Kornfield, J. (1993). A path with heart. New York: Bantam Books.
  • Kramer, G. (2007). Insight dialogue: The interpersonal path to freedom. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
  • Ladner, L. (2004). The lost art of compassion. New York:HarperCollins.
  • Linehan, M. (1993a). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Makransky, J. (2007). Awakening through love: Unveiling your deepest goodness. Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.
  • Neff, K. (2011). Self-compassion: Stop beating yourself up and leave insecurity behind. New York: HarperCollins.
  • Roemer, L. & Orsillo, S. (2009). Mindfulness and acceptance-based behavior therapy in practice. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Rubin, T. (1975). Compassion and self-hate. New York: Touchstone.
  • Salzberg, S. (2008). The kindness handbook: A practical companion. Boulder, CO: Sounds True.
  • Salzberg, S. (1995). Lovingkindness: The revolutionary art of happiness. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
  • Shapiro, S. & Carlson, L. (2009). The art and science of mindfulness: Integrating mindfulness into psychology and the helping professions. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Siegel, R. (2009). The mindfulness solution: Everyday practices for everyday problems. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Williams, M., Teasdale, J., Segal, Z., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (2007). The mindful way through depression. New York: The Guilford Press

Articles/Chapters on Mindfulness:
  • Adams, C. E., & Leary, M. R. (2007). Promoting self-compassionate attitudes toward eating among restrictive and guilty eaters. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26, 1120-1144.
  • Allen, N.B. & Knight, W.E.J. (2005). Mindfulness, compassion for self and compassion for others: Implications for understanding the psychopathology and treatment of depression. In P. Gilbert (ed.). Compassion: Conceptualisations, Research and Use in Psychotherapy. (pp. 239-262). London: Routledge
  • Bandelow, B., Schmahl, C., Falkai, P., & Wedekind, D. (2010). Borderline personality disorder: A dysregulation of the endogenous opioid system? Psychological Review, 117(2), 623-636.
  • Baer, R. (2010). Self-compassion as a mechanism of change in mindfulness and acceptance-based treatments In R. Baer (Ed.). Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients: Illuminating the theory and practice of change. Oakland, CA: Context Press/New Harbinger Publications, 135-153.
  • Bell, D.C. (2001). Evolution of care giving behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 216-229.
  • Buckner, R., Andrews-Hanna, J. & Schacter, D. (2008). The brain’s default network: Anatomy, function, and relevance to disease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1124, 1-38.
  • Carson, J. (2006). Loving-kindness meditation findings not related to baseline differences. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 24(1), 5-6.
  • Carson, J., Carson, K., Gil, K., & Baucom, D. (2004). Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behavior Therapy, 35, 471 494.
  • Carson, J., Keefe, F., Lynch, T., Carson, K., Goli, V., Fras, A., & Thorp, S. (2005). Loving-kindness meditation for chronic low back pain. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 23(3), 287-304.
  • Carter, C.S. (1998). Neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Psychoneuroendorinlogy, 23, 779-818.
  • Cheung, M.S.P., Gilbert, P. & Irons, C. (2004). An exploration of shame, social rank and rumination in relation to depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 1143-1153.
  • Crocker, J. & Canevello, A. (2008). Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: The role of compassionate and self-image goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 555-575.
  • Cree, M. (2010). Compassion focused therapy with perinatal and mother-infant distress. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 159-171.
  • Davidson, R. (2007, Oct.). Changing the brain by transforming the mind. The impact of compassion training on the neural systems of emotion. Paper presented at the Mind and Life Institute Conference, Investigating the Mind, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
  • Depue, R.A. & Morrone-Strupinsky, J.V. (2005). A neurobehavioral model of affiliative bonding. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 313-395.
  • Engstrom, M. & Soderfeldt, B. (2009). Brain activation during compassion meditation: A case study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 16(5), 597-500.
  • Farb, N., Anderson, A., Bean, J., McKeon, D., Mayberg, H. & Segal, Z. (2010). Minding one’s emotions: Mindfulness training alters the neural expression of sadness. Emotion 10(1), 25-33.
  • Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56, 218–226.
  • Fredrickson, B., Coffey, K, Pek, J., Cohn, M., Finkel, S. (2008). Open hearts build lives: Positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045-1062.
  • Garland, E., Fredrickson, B., Dring, A., Johnson, D., Meyer, P. & Penn, D. (2010 in press). Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits in psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review.
  • Germer, C. (2007). Mindful marriage. In M. McLeod (Ed.), The best Buddhist writing, 2007. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications.
  • Germer, C. (2006). You gotta have heart. Psychotherapy Networker, Jan/Feb, 54-59, 65.
  • Gilbert, P, (2010), Compassion focused therapy. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy (Special Edition) 3 95-210.
  • Gilbert, P. (2010). An introduction to compassion focused therapy in cognitive behavior therapy. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 97-112.
  • Gilbert, P. (2009). Introducing compassion-focused therapy. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 15, 199-208.
  • Gilbert, P., Baldwin, M. W., Irons, C., Baccus, J. R., & Palmer, M. (2006). Self-criticism and self-warmth: An imagery study exploring their relation to depression. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 20, 183-200.
  • Gilbert, P., McEwan, K. & Matos, M. (in press). Fear of compassion: Development of a self-report measure. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice.
  • Gilbert, P. & Irons, C. (2005). Therapies for shame and self-attacking, using cognitive, behavioural, emotional imagery and compassionate mind training. In P Gilbert (Ed.) Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 263 – 325). London: Routledge.
  • Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Mitra, R., Franks, L., Richter, A., Rockliff, H. (2008). Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(3), 182-191.
  • Gilbert, P. & Procter, S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: Overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 13, 353-379.
  • Goss, K., & Allen, S. (2010). Compassion focused therapy for eating disorders. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 141-158.
  • Gumley, A., Braehler, C., Laithwaite, H., MacBeth, A. & Gilbert, P. (2010. A compassion focused model of recovery after psychosis. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 186-201.
  • Heine, S. J., Lehman, D. R., Markus, H. R. & Kitayama, S. (1999). Is there a universal need for positive self-regard? Psychological Review, 106, 766–794.
  • Hutcherson, C., Seppala, E., & Gross, J. (2008). Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness. Emotion, 8(5), 720-724.
  • Johnson, C., Penn, D., Fredrickson, B., Meyer, P., Kring, A., & Brantley, M. (2009). Loving-kindness meditation for schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(5), 1-11.
  • Kane, A. (2010). A grounded theory study of mindfulness and self-compassion as they relate to clinical efficacy and clinician self-care. Dissertation Abstracts International, 70(9-B) 5826.
  • Kelly, A. C., Zuroff, D. C., Foa, C. L., & Gilbert, P. (2009). Who benefits from training in self-compassionate self-regulation? A study of smoking reduction. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29, 727-755
  • Kelly, A., Suroff, D. & Shapira, L. (2009). Soothing oneself and resisting self-attacks: The treatment of two intrapersonal deficits in depression vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33, 301-313.
  • Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., & Harlow, T. (1993).There’s more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190–1204.
  • Kingsbury, E. (2009). The relationship between empathy and mindfulness: Understanding the role of self-compassion. Dissertation Abstracts International, 70(5-B), 3175.
  • Kraus, S. & Searsm, S. (2009). Measuring the immeasurablles: Development and initial validation of the self-other four immeasurables (SOFI) scale based on Buddhist teachings on loving kindness, compassion, joy, and equanimity. Social Indicators Research, 92, 169-181.
  • Laithwaite, H., O’Hanlon, M., Collins, P., Doyle, P., Abrahan, L. et al (2009). Recovery after psychosis (RAP): A compassion focused programme for individuals residing in high security settings. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37, 511-526.
  • Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 887-904.
  • Longe, O., Maratos, F., Gilbert, P., Evans, G., Volker, F., Rockliff, H. & Rippon, G. (2010). Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance. Neuroimage, 49, 1849-1856.
  • Lowens, I. (2010). Compassion focused therap[y for people with bipolar disorder. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 172-185.
  • Lutz, A., Greischar, L., Rawlings, N., Ricard, M. & Davidson, R. (2004). Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 191(46), 16369-16373.
  • Magnus, C., M. (2007). Does self-compassion matter beyond self-esteem for women's self-determined motives to exercise and exercise outcomes? Unpublished master’s thesis. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
  • Mills, A., Gilbert, P., Bellew, R., McEvan, K., & Gale, C. (2007). Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in students. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 14, 358-364.
  • Mitmansgruber, H., Beck, T., & Schussler, G. (2008). “Mindful helpers”: Experiential avoidance, meta-emotions, and emotion regulation in paramedics. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1358-1363.
  • Moore, P. (2008). Introducing mindfulness to clinical psychologists in training: An experiential course of brief exercises. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 15, 331-337.
  • Neely, M., Schallert, D. L., Mohammed, S. S., Roberts, R. M., Chen, Y. (2009). Self-kindness when facing stress: The role of self-compassion, goal regulation, and support in college students’ well-being. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 88-97.
  • Neff, K. (2009). The role of self-compassion in development: A healthier way to relate to oneself. Human Development, 52, 211-214.
  • Neff, K. (2009). Self-Compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior (pp. 561-573). Guilford Press.
  • Neff, K. (2008). Self-compassion: Moving beyond the pitfalls of a separate self-concept. In J. Bauer & H. A. Wayment (Eds.) Transcending Self-Interest: Psychological Explorations of the Quiet Ego (pp. 95 – 106). APA Books, Washington DC.
  • Neff, K. (2008, February). Self-compassion and other-focused responding. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
  • Neff, K. (2006). The role of self-compassion in healthy relationship interactions. Paper presented at the 114th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
  • Neff, K. (2003a). Development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223-250.
  • Neff, K. (2003b). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85-102.
  • Neff, K., Hseih, Y., & Dejitthirat, K. (2005). Self-compassion, achievement goals, and coping with academic failure. Self and Identity, 4, 263-287.
  • Neff, K., Kirkpatrick, K. & Rude, S. S. (2007). Self-compassion and its link to adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 139-154.
  • Neff, K. & McGeehee, P. (2010). Self-compassion and psychological resilience among adolescents and young adults. Self and Identity, 9, 225-240
  • Neff, K., Pisitsungkagarn, K., & Hseih, Y. (2008). Self-compassion and self-construal in the United States, Thailand, and Taiwan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
  • Neff, K., & Rude, S. S., & Kirkpatrick, K. (2007). An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 908-916.
  • Neff, K. & Vonk, R. (2009). Self-compassion versus global self-esteem: Two different ways of relating to oneself. Journal of Personality, 77, 23-50.
  • Orzech, K. M., Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & McKay, M. (2009). Intensive mindfulness training-related changes in cognitive and emotional experience. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 212-222.
  • Oveis, C., Horberg, E. & Keltner, D. (2010). Compassion, pride, and social intuitions of self-other similarity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(4), 618-630.
  • Pace et al. (2009). Effect of compassion meditation on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioral responses to psychosocial stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 87-98.
  • Pauley, G. & McPherson, S. (2010). The experience and meaning of compassion and self-compassion for individuals with depression or anxiety. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 83(2), 129-143.
  • Powers, T. A., Koestner, R., & Zuroff, D. C. (2007). Self-criticism, goal motivation, and goal progress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26, 826–840.
  • Proulx, K. (2008). Experiences of women with bulimia nervosa in a mindfulness-based eating disorder treatment group. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 16(1), 52-72.
  • Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (in press). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the Self-Compassion Scale. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy.
  • Ringenbach, R. (2009). A comparison between counselors who practice meditation and those who do not on compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, burnout and self-compassion. Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Rockliff, H., Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Lightman, S. & Glover, D. (2008). A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 5(3), 132-139.
  • Shapiro, S., Izett, S. (2008) Meditation: A universal tool for cultivating empathy. In S. Hick & T. Bien (Eds.), Mindfulness and the therapeutic relationship. New York: Guilford Press, p 161-175.
  • Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., and Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for health care professionals: Results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12, 164-176.
  • Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K., & Biegel, G. M. (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105-115.
  • Shapiro, S. L., Brown, K. W., & Biegel, G. M (2007). Teaching self-care to caregivers: Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105-115.
  • Shapiro, S. L., Carlson, L. E., Astin, J. A., & Freedman, B. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 373-386.
  • Shepherd, D. A. & Cardon, M. S. (2009). Negative emotional reactions to project failure and the self-compassion to learn from the experience. Journal of Management Studies, 46, 923-949.
  • Sprecher, S., & Fehr, B. (2005). Compassionate love for close others and humanity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 629–651.
  • Thompson, B. L., Waltz, J. (2008). Self-compassion and PTSD symptom severity. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 556-558.
  • Tirch, D. (2010). Mindfulness as a context for the cultivation of compassion. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 113-123.
  • Van Dam, T., Sheppard, S., Forsyth, J. & Earleywine, M. (2010). Self-compassion is a better predictor than mindfulness of symptom severity and quality of life in mixed anxiety and depression. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 34 pgs
  • Vivino, B., Thompson, B., Hill, C. & Ladany, N. (2010). Compassion in psychotherapy: The perspective of therapists nominated as compassionate. Psychotherapy Research, 19(2). 157-171.
  • Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Rodebaugh, T. L., & Norton P. J. (2008). Exploring the relationship between fear of positive evaluation and social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 386–400.
  • Wiebel, D. T. (2007). A loving-kindness intervention: Boosting compassion for self and others. Retrieved from Dissertations and Theses database. (AAT 3292869)
  • Welford, M. (2010). A compassion focused approach to anxiety disorders. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(2), 124-140.
  • Williams, L. & Bargh, J. (2008). Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322(5901), 606-607.
  • Williams, J. G., Stark, S. K., & Foster, E. E. (2008). Start today or the very last day? The relationships among self-compassion, motivation, and procrastination. American Journal of Psychological Research, 4, 37-44.
  • Ying, Y. (2009). Contribution of self-compassion to competence and mental health in social work students. Journal of Social Work Education, 45, 309-323.

In The Media:
Podcasts/Videos on Mindfulness:

Keywords: relaxation, Buddha, Buddhism, Buddhist, Zen, visualization, breathing, non-doing, acceptance, compassion,

All Content on this website is copyrighted © Robert L. Leahy, PhD. All Rights Reserved.